Drew M. P. Peltier

twitter: @PeltierDrew

Lethal drought impacts NSC cycling. Piñon pine (P. edulis) is a foundation tree species in the southwestern US experiencing ongoing mortality from climate change drought. I am seeking to understand how lethal drought in this species may influence the remobilization and use of very old nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC), with an emphasis on understanding novel mechanisms of mortality. This work is using 0%, 45%, and 90% drought treatments in mature piñon at the Sevilleta LTER. Early evidence suggests long term drought exhausts old NSC reserves, forcing surviving trees to rely on very recent photosynthate. A recent piñon ips (bark beetle) outbreak at the Sevilleta LTER drought has resulted in measurements of NSC storage in roots and the bole as trees die.

Drought legacies and climatic memory in tree growth. Trees are uniquely long lived, and so their responses to the environment integrate climate across multiple time scales. While we often assume growth-climate relationships to be time-invariant, my work has uniquely contributed to quantifying drought legacies—slow recoveries of growth sensitivities following drought—sometimes longer than 5 years. Recent papers have quantified the impact of La Niña events (ENSO cold-phase), compounded drought (multiple drought years in a row), and the broader implications of temporal variability in tree growth-climate sensitivity.

Publications

Google scholar

  1. MarquésL., DMP Peltier, J.J. Camarero, M.A. Zavala, J. Madrigal-González, G. Sangüesa-Barreda, and K. Ogle. Recovering ecological memory from tree ring data to disentangle the influences of climate and management in mixed silver-fir forests from the Pyrenees. Ecosystems (accepted 04/18/21).
  2. Peltier, DMP, P. Nguyen*, M. Bangs*, M. Wilson*, L. Gear*, J. Guo, K. Samuels-Crow, L. Yocom, Y. Liu, M.K. Fell, D. Auty, W.R.L. Anderegg, G.W. Koch, M. Litvak, J. Shaw, K. Ogle. 2020. Temporal controls on crown non-structural carbohydrates in southwestern US tree species. Tree Physiology 41: 388-402.
  3. Peltier, DMP, and K. Ogle. 2020. Tree growth sensitivity to climate is temporally variable. Ecology Letters 23: 1561–1572. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ele.13575
  4. Peltier, DMP, and K. Ogle. 2019. Legacies of more frequent drought in ponderosa pine across the western United States. Global Change Biology 25: 3803-3816. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.14720
  5. Ogle, K., DMP Peltier, M. Fell, J. Guo, H. Kropp, and J.J. Barber. 2019. Should we be concerned about multiple comparisons in hierarchical Bayesian models? Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10: 553-564. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/2041-210X.13139
  6. Peltier, DMP, and K. Ogle. 2019. Legacies of La Niña: North American monsoon can rescue trees from winter drought. Global Change Biology 25: 121-133. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.14487
  7. Peltier, DMP, J.J. Barber, and K. Ogle. 2018. Quantifying antecedent climatic drivers of tree growth in the Southwestern US. Journal of Ecology 106: 613-624. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2745.12878
  8. Ryan, E. M., K. Ogle, DMP Peltier, A. P. Walker, M. G. De Kauwe, B. E. Medlyn, D. G. Williams, W. Parton, S. Asao, B. Guenet, and others. 2017. Gross primary production responses to warming, elevated CO2, and irrigation: quantifying the drivers of ecosystem physiology in a semiarid grassland. Global Change Biology23: 3092–3106. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.13602
  9. Peltier, DMP, M. Fell, and K. Ogle 2016. Legacy effects of drought in the southwestern United States: A multi-species synthesis. Ecological Monographs 86: 312-326. https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ecm.1219
  10. Peltier, DMP, I. Ibáñez. 2015. Patterns and variability in seedling carbon assimilation: implications for tree recruitment under climate change. Tree Physiology 35: 71–85. https://academic.oup.com/treephys/article/35/1/71/1674722
  11. Ibáñez, I., D.S. Katz, DMP Peltier, S.M. Wolf, and B.T. Connor-Barrie. 2014. Assessing the integrated effects of landscape fragmentation on plants and plant communities: the challenge of multiprocess–multiresponse dynamics. Journal of Ecology102: 882–895. https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2745.12223
  12. Czaun, M., A. Goeppert, R. B. May, D. Peltier, H. Zhang, G.K. Surya Prakash, and G. A. Olah. 2013. Organoamines grafted on nano-sized silica for carbon dioxide capture. Journal of CO2 Utilization 1: 1-7.

IN REVIEW OR IN REVISION                         

  1. Larissa L. Yocom, Kiona Ogle, DMP Peltier, Paul Szejner, Yao Liu, Russell K. Monson. Tree growth response to climate varies across a monsoon precipitation gradient. (In review).
  2. Peltier, DMP, P. Nguyen*, M. Bangs*, M. Wilson*, L. Gear*, J. Guo, K. Samuels-Crow, L. Yocom, Y. Liu, M.K. Fell, D. Auty, W.R.L. Anderegg, G.W. Koch, M. Litvak, J. Shaw, K. Ogle. Linking memory, drought legacies, and NSC in southwestern US trees. (In revision).
  3. Peltier, DMP, P. Nguyen*, C. Ebert, G.W. Koch, E.A.G. Schuur, D. Auty,and K. Ogle. Moisture variability limits distribution of non-structural carbohydrates in sapwood of trembling aspen. (In revision).
  4. Understanding Ecological Memory: Plants, Communities, and Ecosystems as Information Processors. Yao Liu, Elizabeth Agee, Matthew Craig, Alexandra Jurgens, Adam Rupe, Anthony Walker, Simon Besnard, James Crutchfield, Forrest Hoffman, Anthony King, Basil Kraft, Dan Lu, Kiona Ogle, DMP Peltier, Jeffrey Warren. (in review).

Outreach

I give a tree ring class annually with the Highlands Center for Natural History in Prescott, AZ.

Talking about tree rings, climate change, and tree physiology on the Colorado Plateau with students at Magnum Ranch with the Grand Canyon Trust. https://www.grandcanyontrust.org/our-work